2009年6月21日星期日

Why has Confucianism had such an enduring influence ?

In my opinion , no other philosopher in the world has had more induring influence than Confucius because there were two cornerstones of his system of personal conduct where jen and li. Jen might be defined as “benevolent concern for one’s fellow men.” Li is a term less easily translated: it combines the notions of etiquette, good manners, and due concern for rituals and customs. Confucius believed that a man should strive after truth and virtue rather than wealth and in his personal life he seems to have acted on that principle.
In addition, he was the first major philosopher to state the Golden Rule, which he phrased as “Do no do unto others that which you would not have them do unto you.” Confucius believed that respect and obedience are owed by children to their parents, by wives to their husbands, and by subjects to their rulers.
But he was never a defender of tyranny. On the contrary, the starting point of his political outlook is that the state exists for the benefit of the people, not the rulers. Another of his key political ideas is that a leader should govern primarily by moral example, rather than by force so that is why Confucianism has had such an enduring influence.

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